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Methods:? Twenty-four eyes with macular oedema associated with BRVO and six eyes of six patients undergoing cataract surgery participated in this study. Each patient with BRVO randomly received an intravitreal injection of either 4?mg triamcinolone or 1.25?mg bevacizumab. Aqueous samples were obtained before and http://www.selleckchem.com/products/epz-6438.html 4?weeks after the intravitreal injection in the BRVO group and before surgery in the control group. Aqueous concentrations of 16 cytokines were measured via multiplex bead assay. Results:? Prior to the administration of the drugs, aqueous levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, IL-17 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were significantly higher in the BRVO group than in the control group (p?=?0.044, p?=?0.013, p? http://www.selleckchem.com/products/PD-0325901.html visual acuity (p?=?0.60, p?=?0.54) and central foveal thickness (p?=?0.47, p?=?0.82). In the triamcinolone group, levels of IL-6, IL-17, IP-10, platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-AA and VEGF were reduced significantly (p?=?0.012, p? http://www.selleck.cn/products/JNJ-26481585.html switching from Xalatan? to SofZia-preserved travoprost 0.004% (TravatanZ?), and followed for 3?months. The superficial punctate keratopathy (SPK), conjunctival epitheliopathy, hyperaemia, tear break-up time (TBUT) and intraocular pressure (IOP) were examined for each patient in a masked manner. Changes in the frequency of keratoconjunctival epitheliopathy were evaluated 3?months after study initiation. Intra- and intergroup comparisons of changes in SPK, conjunctival epitheliopathy, hyperaemia, TBUT and IOP were also carried out. Results:? Two hundred twenty patients participated and 215 completed the 3-month study.