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The measurements were performed prior to the 5?min of SS, immediately after the SS, and 10?min after the SS. MTU stiffness and muscle stiffness significantly decreased at both immediately and 10?min after SS, whereas no significant differences in MTU stiffness and muscle stiffness were found between immediately and 10?min after SS. Tendon stiffness immediately after SS was significantly higher than prior to and 10?min after SS. No significant change in the fascicle length occurred after SS. These results suggest that 5?min of SS affects MTU and muscle stiffness both immediately and 10?min after SS, which may be associated with a change in the connective tissue properties.?? 2011 Orthopaedic Research Society Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 29:1759�C1763, 2011 ""Following cell adhesion, focal adhesion kinase (FAK) autophosphorylates on tyrosine and regulates intracellular signaling cascades that regulate cell growth and differentiation. The hypothesis of this study was FAK mediates osteoblast differentiation dependent Cbfa1 expression. Slowly mineralizing UI and rapidly mineralizing UMR-106-01 BSP osteoblasts formed focal adhesions; however, the level of FAK in UI focal adhesions was less than that seen in BSP cells. UI cultures had less FAK expression (p? ? 2011 Orthopaedic Research Society Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 29: 1443�C1447, 2011 ""Our aim was to determine whether subjects with shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS) have abnormal multijoint torque patterns compared to healthy subjects during normalized isometric force along specific directions. Subjects had to generate an isometric force corresponding to 40% of the maximal pain-free force. Eight targets were displayed on a monitor (0, 45, 90, 135, 180, 225, 270, and 315��). We calculated shoulder and elbow torques (kinetic strategies) using a biomechanical model. Regardless of the target location, the SIS group succeeded in reaching the target; however, when compared to the healthy subjects, they needed more time to do so, suggesting that SIS may slow down the execution of the kinetic strategies. Moreover, the SIS group produced lower shoulder external/internal torque to reach the targets located at 0�� and 225��, and they generated greater abduction/adduction torque for targets located at 0, 135, and 180��.