What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

What exactly is PTSD (Posttraumatic Stress Disorder)?
PTSD, or Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, is a psychiatric disorder that may occur following the experience or witnessing of a life-threatening events such as military combat, natural disasters, terrorist incidents, serious accidents, or sexual or physical assault in childhood or adult. Most survivors of injury return to ordinary given a little time. Yet, some people will have anxiety responses which do not go away on their own, or might get worse over time. These people may develop PTSD. Individuals who suffer from PTSD often relive the experience through nightmares and flashbacks, have trouble sleeping, and feel detached or estranged, and these symptoms could be severe enough and last long enough to significantly impair the person's daily life.
People with PTSD experience three different types of symptoms. The very first group of symptoms calls for thinking about the trauma when you're trying to do something else or reliving the trauma in some way such as becoming distressed when confronted with a traumatic reminder. The 2nd group of symptoms involves isolating from others, staying away from people or areas that remind you of the trauma, or feeling numb. The third group of symptoms includes matters including feeling on guard, irritable, or startling easily.
PTSD is marked by clear biological changes in addition to emotional symptoms. PTSD is complicated by the fact that people who have PTSD frequently may grow issues of cognition and memory, additional ailments including depression, substance abuse, and other issues of physical and mental health. The disorder is, in addition, associated with damage of the person's capability to function in family or social life, including occupational instability, marital problems and divorces, family discord, and difficulties in parenting.
PTSD can be medicated with psychotherapy ('chat' treatment) and medications like antidepressants. Early treatment is important and may help reduce long-term symptoms. Unfortunately, a lot of people don't know that they don't seek treatment or have PTSD. This fact sheet will help you to understand PTSD and the how it can be treated.
Which are the symptoms of PTSD?
PTSD is not diagnosed unless the symptoms last for at least one month, and either cause significant distress or interfere with work or home life although PTSD symptoms can start after a traumatic event. To be able to be diagnosed with PTSD, someone must have three different kinds of symptoms: reexperiencing arousal symptoms, numbing and avoidance symptoms, and symptoms.
Reexperiencing Symptoms
Reexperiencing symptoms are symptoms that involve reliving the traumatic occurrence. There are numerous methods in which individuals may relive an injury. They may have disturbing memories of the traumatic occurrence. These memories can come back when they're not anticipating them. At other times the memories might be activated by a disturbing reminder such as when a battle veteran hears a car backfire, an automobile accident casualty drives by an automobile crash or a rape victim sees a http://ptsd-forum.org - post-traumatic stress disorder - news report of a recent sexual assault. Both physical as well as emotional reactions can be caused by these memories. Occasionally these memories can feel so real it's as if the event is actually happening again. This is known as a "flashback." Reliving the event may cause intense feelings of fear, helplessness, and horror much like the feelings they had when the event took place.
Avoidance and Numbing Symptoms
Avoidance symptoms are attempts people make to avoid the disturbing event. Individuals with PTSD may try to prevent situations that trigger memories of the traumatic event. They may avoid seeing TV programs or news reports about similar occasions or going near places where the injury occurred. They may avoid other sights, sounds, odors, or individuals that are reminders of the traumatic occurrence. Some people find that they make an effort to deflect themselves as one way to avoid thinking about the traumatic event.
Numbing symptoms are another way to avoid the traumatic event. Individuals with PTSD may find it challenging to be in touch with their feelings or express emotions toward other people. For instance, they may feel emotionally "numb" and may isolate from others. They might be less interested in activities you once loved. Some people are not able to talk about, or forget, important parts of the event. Some believe that they will have a shortened life span or WOn't reach personal goals such as having a career or family.
Arousal Symptoms
Individuals with PTSD may feel continuously watchful after the traumatic event. This is referred to as increased emotional arousal, also it can cause outbursts of anger or irritability difficulty sleeping, and difficulty concentrating. They may discover they are constantly 'on guard' and on the lookout for signs of risk. They may additionally realize they get startled.
What other issues do people with PTSD encounter?
It's very common for other states to occur along with PTSD, including depression, stress, or substance abuse. More than half of men with PTSD also have difficulties with booze. The following most common co-occurring problems in men are melancholy, followed by conduct disorder, and then problems with drugs. In women, the most frequent co-occurring problem is depression. Just under half of women with PTSD also experience depression. The next most common co-occurring problems in girls are then, and specific fears, social anxiety issues with alcohol.
Individuals with PTSD often have difficulties functioning. Generally, people with PTSD have spouse abuse, divorce or separation, more unemployment and prospect of being fired than individuals without PTSD. Vietnam veterans with PTSD were found to get issues with employment, many issues with family and other interpersonal relationships, and increased incidents of violence.
Individuals with PTSD also may experience a wide selection of physical symptoms. This is a standard event in individuals who have depression and other anxiety disorders. Some evidence indicates that PTSD could be related to increased likelihood of creating medical ailments. Research is continuing, and it's too soon to draw strong conclusions about which particular illnesses are associated with PTSD.
How common is PTSD?
An estimated 7.8 percent of Americans will experience PTSD at some point in their lives, with women (10.4%) twice as likely as men (5%) to develop PTSD. About 3.6 percent of U.S. adults aged 18 to 54 (5.2 million people) have PTSD during the course of a specified year. This represents a small part of people who have experienced at least one traumatic event; 60.7% of men and 51.2% of women reported at least one traumatic event. The traumatic events usually associated with PTSD for men are rape, combat exposure, childhood neglect, and childhood physical abuse. The most traumatic events for women are rape, sexual molestation, physical attack, being threatened with a weapon, and childhood physical abuse.
About 30 percent of women and the men that have spent time in war zones experience PTSD. An additional 20 to 25 percent have had partial PTSD at some time within their lives. More than half of all male Vietnam veterans and almost half of all female Vietnam veterans have experienced "clinically serious stress reaction symptoms." PTSD has also been detected among veterans of other wars. Estimates of PTSD from the Gulf War are as high as 10%. Approximations from the war in Afghanistan are between 6 and 11%. Current estimates of PTSD in military personnel who served in Iraq range from 12% to 20%.