What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

What is PTSD (Posttraumatic Stress Disorder)?
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, or pTSD, is a psychiatric illness that can occur following the experience or witnessing of a life-threatening events for example military combat, natural disasters, terrorist incidents, serious injuries, or sexual or physical assault in adult or childhood. Most survivors of trauma return to standard given a little time. Nonetheless, some individuals might get worse over time, or will have pressure reactions which do not go away on their own. These people may develop PTSD. Individuals who suffer from PTSD often relive the experience through nightmares and flashbacks, have difficulty sleeping, and feel detached or estranged, and these symptoms can be severe enough and last long enough to significantly impair the individual's everyday life.
People with PTSD experience three different types of symptoms. The first set of symptoms calls for thinking about the trauma when you're attempting to do something else or reliving the trauma in some way such as becoming distressed when confronted with a traumatic reminder. The 2nd group of symptoms involves isolating from others, staying away from people or places that remind you of the trauma, or feeling numb. The 3rd set of symptoms includes matters such as feeling on guard, irritable, or startling easily.
PTSD is marked by clear biological changes as well as emotional symptoms. PTSD is complicated by the truth that people who have PTSD often may develop additional ailments such as depression, substance abuse, problems of memory and cognition, and other issues of mental and physical health. The disorder is, in addition, connected with impairment of the person's skill to function in family or social life, including occupational instability, marital problems and divorces, family discord, and difficulties in parenting.
PTSD may be treated with psychotherapy ('talk' treatment) and medicines for example antidepressants. Early treatment is essential and can help reduce long-term symptoms. Alas, many people have no idea they have PTSD or don't seek treatment. This fact sheet will help you to better understand the and PTSD how it may be medicated.
Which are the symptoms of PTSD?
PTSD isn't diagnosed unless the symptoms last for at least one month, and cause significant distress or interfere with work or home life although PTSD symptoms can begin right after a traumatic event. To be able to be diagnosed with PTSD, an individual must have three different types of symptoms: re-experiencing arousal symptoms, avoidance and numbing symptoms, and symptoms.
Re experiencing Symptoms
Reexperiencing symptoms are symptoms that involve reliving the traumatic occurrence. There are several methods in which people may relive an injury. They may have disturbing memories of the traumatic occurrence. These memories can come back when they're not expecting them. At other times the memories might be activated by a disturbing reminder like when a combat veteran hears a car backfire, a motor vehicle accident victim drives by a rape victim or a car crash sees a news report of a recent sexual assault. Both emotional as well as physical responses can be caused by these memories. Occasionally these memories can feel so real it's as in the event the occasion is really occurring again. This really is known as a "flashback." Reliving the event may cause intense feelings of fear, helplessness, and horror similar to the feelings they had when the event took place.
Avoidance and Numbing Symptoms
Avoidance symptoms are efforts people make to prevent the disturbing event. Individuals with PTSD may try to prevent situations that trigger memories of the traumatic event. They may avoid going near places where the trauma occurred or seeing TV programs or news reports about occasions that are similar. They may avoid other sights, sounds, odors, or folks that are reminders of the traumatic occurrence. Some people find that they try to deflect themselves as one method to avoid thinking about the traumatic occurrence.
Numbing symptoms are another method to prevent the distressing event. Individuals with PTSD may find it challenging to be in touch with their feelings or express emotions toward other people. For instance, they may feel emotionally "numb" and may isolate from others. They might be less interested http://ptsdforums.org - PTSD - in activities you once loved. Some people are not able to talk about, or forget, important elements of the occasion. Some WOn't reach personal goals such as having family or a career or think that they'll have a shortened life span.
Arousal Symptoms
People with PTSD may feel constantly watchful after the traumatic event. This is known as increased emotional arousal, also it can cause outbursts of anger or irritability trouble sleeping, and difficulty focusing. They may find that they are constantly 'on guard' and on the lookout for signals of danger. They might additionally find that they get startled.
What other problems do individuals with PTSD experience?
It is very common for other states to occur along with PTSD, such as depression, anxiety, or substance abuse. More than half of men with PTSD also have problems with alcohol. The following most common co-occurring problems in men are melancholy, followed by conduct disorder, and then problems with drugs. In women, the most typical co-occurring problem is melancholy. Just under half of women with PTSD also experience depression. The following most common co-occurring issues in women are then, and specific anxieties, social anxiety issues with alcohol.
People with PTSD often have difficulties functioning. Generally, individuals with PTSD have partner abuse, divorce or separation, more unemployment and prospect of being fired than people without PTSD. Vietnam veterans with PTSD were discovered to get issues with employment, many issues with family and other interpersonal relationships, and increased incidents of violence.
People with PTSD also may experience a wide selection of physical symptoms. This really is a common occurrence in individuals who have depression and other anxiety disorders. Some evidence suggests that PTSD could be related to increased odds of creating medical ailments. Research is ongoing, and it's also too soon to draw strong conclusions about which particular disorders are associated with PTSD.
How common is PTSD?
An estimated 7.8 percent of Americans will experience PTSD at some point in their lives, with women (10.4%) twice as likely as men (5%) to develop PTSD. About 3.6 percent of U.S. adults aged 18 to 54 (5.2 million people) have PTSD during the course of a given year. This represents a small part of those who've experienced at least one traumatic event; 60.7% of men and 51.2% of women reported at least one traumatic event. The traumatic events usually associated with PTSD for men are rape, combat exposure, childhood neglect, and childhood physical abuse. The most traumatic events for women are rape, sexual molestation, physical attack, being threatened with a weapon, and childhood physical abuse.
About 30 percent of women and the men who've spent time in war zones experience PTSD. An added 20 to 25 percent have had partial PTSD at some time within their own lives. More than half of all male Vietnam veterans and almost half of all female Vietnam veterans have experienced "clinically serious stress reaction symptoms." PTSD has also been detected among veterans of other wars. Approximations of PTSD from the Gulf War are as high as 10%. Estimates from the war in Afghanistan are between 6 and 11%. Current estimates range from 12% to 20%.