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The GFR values of six of the 18 patients were capped for dose calculation. In eight patients a measured GFR corrected for body surface area was used and in four the actual measured GFR was used for dose calculation. In total, 63 cycles of chemotherapy were delivered. Grade III or IV myelotoxicity accounted for 37% (15/41) of all myelotoxicities. Neutropenia accounted for almost 39% of all myelotoxicities (16/41). Two patients (11%) were hospitalized due to febrile neutropenia. Eight patients (40%) had dose reduction and four (20%) had treatment delays due to myelotoxicity. The frequency of myelotoxicity was high irrespective of the GFR used (corrected or uncorrected) in calculating the chemotherapy dose. Conclusion:? High values of GFR, by 99mTc DTPA radionuclide measurement, are a common finding in pre-chemotherapy patients irrespective of age. Carboplatin dosing patterns in this group of patients vary among treating oncologists and a standardized approach is needed. ""Aims:? Controversy continues regarding the treatment of patients with resectable rectal cancer, particularly in regard to the effects of adjuvant therapies on long-term survival. The benefits of adjuvant chemotherapy alone in patients with stage III rectal cancer after curative resection remain unclear. The aim of this study was to compare the overall survival of patients who had received adjuvant chemotherapy after resection of a stage III rectal cancer (111 patients) with the survival of a historical control group who had surgery alone before chemotherapy was introduced (129 patients). Methods:? Treatment and outcomes data were drawn from a prospective hospital registry of consecutive patients who had a resection for stage III rectal cancer. Results:? The estimated Kaplan�CMeier overall 5-year survival rate in patients who received chemotherapy (68.7%, 95% CI 58.3�C77.1%, log-rank P? III rectal cancer as compared with historical controls treated by surgery alone. Hence, there could be subsets of patients whom when treated with surgery in a specialized surgical unit, may benefit from chemotherapy and spared the toxicities of adjuvant radiotherapy. This should be explored further in a cooperative trial group setting. ""Combined temozolomide (TMZ) and radiation therapy (RT) is often used as initial treatment for anaplastic glioma. However, there is no prospective randomized data available that proves the efficacy of the combination for anaplastic glioma. In this retrospective study we aimed to compare the outcome of patients who had combined TMZ and RT with those who had RT alone for the initial treatment of anaplastic glioma in our centers.