Ulcerative Colitis: Symptoms And Treatment

You can have ulcerative colitis at any age, but it often occurs between the ages of 15 and 30 years, or later in life, from the ages of 50 to 70 years. It is more common in whites and those of Jewish descent. It is important to receive treatment for ulcerative colitis. If left untreated, it can increase the risk of more serious complications in the long run. Some complications of ulcerative colitis are: Colon cancer Toxic megacolon How do I know if I have ulcerative colitis? Your doctor will first check for the usual symptoms of ulcerative colitis, mainly bloody diarrhea, abdominal pain and fever. Following this, several tests can be performed to confirm that it is ulcerative colitis. These include: Colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy (cameras are used to view inside the intestine, and biopsies can be performed) X-rays (barium enema, computerized tomography scan) Stool samples to check for bacteria (sign of infection) and white blood cells (sign of inflammation) Blood tests for anemia Sedimentation rate, an indicator of inflammation Ulcerative Colitis Symptoms The symptoms of ulcerative colitis can be embarrassing and uncomfortable, and they can have a negative impact on your social life. Certain foods and spices can trigger the symptoms, causing bouts of diarrhea in public places. The symptoms will vary depending on how serious your condition is, but they are manageable. Symptoms will occur as flare-ups (worsening of inflammation) that can range from mild, with symptoms coming on gradually, to severe, in which a person can become very ill. Some people may have periods of remission in which symptoms go away for months and even years, but in most, the symptoms will eventually return. Mild ulcerative colitis symptoms include rectal bleeding, rectal pain or urge for a bowel movement (with no success), bloody diarrhea (from a few occasional episodes to several times a day), abdominal cramps and pain (which usually disappear after a bowel movement), fever, pain that moves to the left side and unintended weight loss. Severe symptoms include bloody diarrhea that becomes severe with abdominal cramps and pain, fatigue and significant weight loss, as well as severe pain, profuse diarrhea, dehydration and shock (rare). You may also experience joint pain, mouth sores, nausea and vomiting , skin lumps or ulcers, or anemia. Preventing Flare-Ups The recurrence of symptoms can be reduced by making some dietary and lifestyle changes. navigate to this site http://health.usnews.com/health-news/health-wellness/articles/2013/07/13/ulcerative-colitis-symptoms-and-treatment

Ulcerative Colitis Treatment Options

In general, some are designed for short-term use while some are better for long-term ulcerative colitis treatment. Treatment Objectives There are two main goals of ulcerative colitis treatment. The first goal is to induce remission or control a flare and its symptoms, which can be achieved with short-term ulcerative colitis treatment. The second goal is to maintain remission or prevent a future flare, and long-term ulcerative colitis treatment can help with this. The ultimate objective of ulcerative colitis treatment is remission, which means no signs or symptoms of active inflammation, says David Rubin, MD, a professor of medicine and director of the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center at University of Chicago Medicine. Medication Options for Ulcerative Colitis There are four main categories of medications for ulcerative colitis: Aminosalicylates. These drugs, which contain 5-aminosalicylate acid (5-ASA), work to combat inflammation in the colon. They include sulfasalazine, mesalamine, olsalazine, and balsalazide. Aminosalicylates are an effective treatment for ulcerative colitis in mild and moderate forms of the disease, but they arent effective in severe cases, Dr. Rubin says. Doctors use these drugs for both acute flares and for disease maintenance. When these anti-inflammatory drugs fail to work, its time to move on to other ulcerative colitis treatments, he says. Corticosteroids. Corticosteroids, such as prednisone, work to control flares in people with moderate to severe ulcerative colitis by suppressing the immune system . Corticosteroids work across multiple mechanisms to reduce inflammation, but the exact way they work in ulcerative colitis is unknown, Rubin says. People can take corticosteroids by mouth or rectally. There are many short- and long-term side effects of corticosteroids, and theyre the most dangerous treatment available for ulcerative colitis," he says. continue reading this http://www.everydayhealth.com/health-report/ulcerative-colitis-treatment-management/ulcerative-colitis-treatment-options.aspx

Ulcerative Colitis Medication

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