Types Of Dental Surgery in Apple Valley and Savage MN Performed By Oral And Maxillofacial Surgeons
Maxillofacial and oral surgery specializes in treating various defects, diseases and injuries, in the face, jaws, and the neck of a person. It also includes the treatment of soft and hard tissues of the maxillofacial (jaws and face) and the oral (mouth) region.
While most people think that maxillofacial surgery in Savage and Apple Valley MN, is a form of dental specialty, it essentially includes a more complex and intricate procedure in comparison to what a typical dentist does. An oral and maxillofacial surgeon can be considered as a combination of a medical doctor and a dentist. These surgeons are specialists in the diagnosis and the treatment of an extensive range of disorders that may affect the facial complex and skeleton, including the oral cavity and jaws. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are able to treat a number of conditions, ranging from jaw and congenital facial disproportion to common oral surgical problems (impacted teeth, dental implants).
Some of the important types of dental surgery in Apple Valley and Savage MN, well as other treatments performed by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon are the following:
Tooth extraction: This is possibly one of the most common procedures performed by these surgeons. Patients often visit these specialists when their wisdom teeth are impacted, which basically means that they are forming in a position where they cannot erupt or grow into the bite in a proper manner. Minor surgery is done in order to remove the impacted teeth, so that the patient does not have to face any inconvenience due to it. If the impact teeth are not removed on time then it may result in infection, cyst formation or cause damage to the adjacent teeth.
Jaw surgery: Also known as orthognathic surgery, this treatment is required when the bottom and the top jaws of the patient do not meet properly and/or their teeth do not appropriately fit within the jaw. This surgery ensures that the teeth of a person meet correctly and function properly, thereby improving their facial appearance.
Bone grafting: Missing teeth over a certain period of time can cause the jawbone of a person to resorb or weaken. This results in a poor quality of bone structure. Bone grafting can repair implant sites with a weak bone structure, due to previous injuries, gum disease or extraction. The bone is obtained from a tissue bank, or the patient’s own bone that is taken from the hip, tibia or jaw. Moreover, special membranes can be used that dissolve under the gum in order to protect the bone graft and encourage bone regeneration. Major bone grafts are usually performed in order to repair defects of the jaws, which may arise due to tumor surgery, congenital defects and traumatic injuries.
Pre-prosthetic surgery: Orderly preparing the mouth of a patient before the placement of prosthesis is known as a pre-prosthetic surgery. Quite a few patients require minor oral surgical procedures before they receive complete or a partial denture to ensure the maximum level of convenience and comfort. As a denture sits right on the bone ridge of the patient, it is important to ensure the proper shape and size of the bone. For the ideal fit of a denture, the bone might need to be reshaped or smoothened, and in some cases excess bone might even have to be removed.
Other than the above mentioned procedures, oral and maxillofacial surgeons can also carry out a number of other treatments, including distraction osteogenesis and oral pathology.