To Prevent Colon Cancer, Get Your Butt To The Doctor

Otis Brawley tweeted their thoughts, along with experts from the National Institutes of Health; the Colon Cancer Alliance; Mayo Clinic; New York University Langone Medical Center; and the Dana Farber Cancer Institute. Click here to read a transcript of the chat. Here are four things our experts say you must know about keeping your colon happy and healthy: 1. Get Screened Most colon cancers begin as polyps, lumps growing on the lining of the colon wall that can develop into cancer. Regular screening after the age of 50 is essential for detecting and removing these polyps before they become cancerous. Roughly six of 10 deaths from colon cancer could be prevented if everyone age 50+ got screened routinely, Frieden tweeted. If your test comes back clean, you wont need another one for10 years. However, if your test shows abnormalities, you should be screened more often. Certain types of family history dictate screening at a younger age, Brawley tweeted. We think it takes 10 years for a polyp to form and turn into cancer.If we find polyps, we look everythree to five years, tweeted Dr. John Kisiel, a gerontologistat the Mayo Clinic. And colonoscopy isnt the only screening test, according to Besser. You can opt for a sigmoidoscopy, which only examines the bottom of the colon, or a test for blood hidden in the stool instead. 2. more tips here

Well-Rounded Prevention May Lower Colon Cancer Risk

"The best way to lower your risk of colon cancer is to reduce red meat intake, exercise regularly, stop smoking, and control your weight," says study author Pasi Janne, MD, PhD. "Annual stool testing and other screening methods are also critically important." At the time of the study, Janne was an oncology fellow at Boston's Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. In a survey of more than 600,000 adults, aspirin reduced the risk of colon cancer death by 40%, when taken 16 times per month or more. Similarly, the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug Clinoril (sulindac) significantly reduced polyps in high-risk people. Both aspirin and Clinoril can cause stomach bleeding, but the new nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug Celebrex may prevent colon polyps without this side effect. The nutrients folate, also known as folic acid, and calcium also can lower the risk of colon cancer. Most studies show that as dietary or supplemental intake increases, the risk of both polyps and colon cancer decreases. Surprisingly, several large studies did not show a benefit of fiber or vitamins A, C, D, and E for colon cancer prevention. During the last 20 years, postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy has been credited for the decline in colon cancer among women. In fact, two studies showed a risk reduction of up to 20%, but the benefit may be greatest in women currently receiving estrogen therapy. Doctors say aspirin protects against heart disease as well. "To lower the risk of heart attack , cardiologists have been prescribing coated aspirin for years," says Karen Antman, MD, director of the Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center and professor of medicine at Columbia University in New York City. "And all the better if it reduces the risk of colon cancer." But early detection is the best way to prevent colon cancer death. look at here now