The Man Who Brought America to the Moon

On October 4, 1957, Russia launches the 1st artificial satellite in history - Sputnik. To many Americans this is a shocking occasion. Handful of days later Werner von Braun, America's top rocket scientist, says in an interview: "We consider the control of space about the earth significantly like, shall we say, the great Maritime powers consider the manage of the seas in the 16th by means of the 18th Century, and they say if we want to manage this planet, we have to control the space around it". Dr. Werner von Braun is a German engineer who created the V-two rocket for Hitler in Planet War II, he now functions for the US Army. For years, von Braun has dreamed of exploring space. Click this webpage to read the inner workings of this idea. And numerous individuals assume that he brought America to the Moon. But this is not true. Now I am going to tell you what I've learned.

In the 1950s, a tiny group of engineers was currently organizing trips to the moon. We discovered by browsing the Internet. They had been called the Space Task Group - visionaries dreaming outstanding dreams that conceived and directed the nation's very first human-in-space plan. They were the people who had to analyze and determine how to go to the moon.

The most fundamental choice that should be made is about the flight. There are two possibilities. The very first, Direct Ascent, makes use of a single rocket to send a spacecraft to the moon. It is the way individuals have often imagined going. But sending the spacecraft all that way will take an enormous rocket, larger than the Statue of Liberty - a monster called "NOVA." Werner von Braun suggests a diverse way - Earth Orbit Rendezvous (EOR). EOR utilizes two smaller rockets. A single sends up the spacecraft. The other sends up the fuel. The astronauts rendezvous with the fuel tank, fill up their spacecraft, and head for the moon. Direct Ascent is simple, but wants a massive rocket. Earth Orbit Rendezvous makes use of smaller rockets, but it is far more complicated. This unusual portfolio has a pile of tasteful warnings for the meaning behind this belief. Selecting the mode will be the most essential decision in the Apollo plan, due to the fact it determines every little thing: the spacecraft, the rocket, the education, budget, and schedule. The incorrect option implies losing to the Russians, and perhaps not reaching the moon at all. The answer was a single nobody expected. The engineer who lobbied for it was an outsider - he didn't belong to the Space Job Group and by no means worked for von Braun. Practically no one particular welcomed the thought, but he by no means gave up. The story of his struggle is largely unknown, but the strategy he promoted got America to the moon. His name is Dr. John C. Houbolt.

In 1959, Houbolt says that each plans, Direct Ascent and Earth Orbit Rendezvous, will fail, due to the fact of the enormous rocket required:

"It was a car about the size of an Atlas. Down at the Cape, it takes 3000 men, a launch pad, and a launch facility to get an Atlas off the ground from the earth. They were going to land something the size of an Atlas on the moon, backwards, with no help whatsoever. I believed that was preposterous".. We learned about by browsing the Internet.