The American Sunbathing Association (A.S.A.), prospered during the next eight

years, but in 1941 the onset of World War II disrupted the naturist movement. Following

the attack on Pearl Harbor, many nudists went off to war, leading to the closing of many

nude resorts. The movement managed to endure due to the ongoing publications of the

Fkk. Eventually, the magazine's name changed to Sunshine & Health. 24

After the Second World War nudism slowly started to take hold again, reemerging as a

More powerful movement. Dlsley Boone, nicknamed Uncle Danny, continued to be the leader

executive of the A.S.A. By now, 1946, Boone monopolized the whole fkk movement.

The American Sunbathing Association was one of nine interlocking corporations

strategically managed by Boone. As noted by Johnson, other organizations comprised: The

Sunshine & Health magazine, The Sunshine Book Company, Sunshine Park Inc,

Commercial Distributors Inc., and the Sedgwick Art Institute, a school which empowered

students to participate in art classes outdoors at Sunshine Park. Boone's unwillingness to

delegate any of his authority to others resulted in many disgruntled members. 25 Boone

Commanded all the mailing lists and was able to get enough proxies to outvote

everyone, therefore enabling him to control the election of officials?6 When members

requested an audit of the books, Boone turned them down stating the expense wasn't

Warranted? 7 Clash towards Boone continued to brew on the list of board members of the

A.S.A. The members successfully elected a awesome leader, Reed Suplee, just to be

disappointed by his resignation a few months after due to Boone's unwillingness to let him

review the novels. Eventually in 1951, the A.S.A. backed by most of the organization members,

Driven Boone to step down. Boone continued to influence the Fkk movement by staying

active in board matters and government of the corporations. He introduced a fresh

magazine, S.U.N., which stands for So/air Union Naturisme. Plans were also declared

for a awesome international naturist organization. In spite of Boone's resignation, he is still

considered the chief individual in charge of the A.S.A., which continued on to become the

dominant nudist organization in America. By the end of the 20th century, an estimated 15

million people in 22 countries were engaged in Social Nudism. The American Sunbathing

Association has since changed its name to The American Association of Nude Recreation

(A.A.N.R.), and currently maintains more than fifty thousand members? 8

The topic of creates many differing perspectives. Many people locate

the behaviour deviant or strange, using labels for example wrong, unethical, and anti social,

when referring to people choosing to participate in this lifestyle. Others, however, deem the

behavior as moral, ethical, and socially acceptable, insisting that social nudism serves to

enhance total well being. Where did these beliefs originate, and why do they persist?

Much of what forms our societies and laws stems from religious views. Although

this study will not focus on the practices, theories, or beliefs of one specific faith, it

does recognize the basis of faith as being a major contributor to

on nudism.

During early formative years of religious teachings, dominant perspectives in Greek and

Roman cultures expressed real matter as evil and only spiritual matters as good. This was

known as Gnosticism, and symbolized a negative view of what God had intended. It states

in the Bible, the book of Genesis 1:31, that "God saw all that he'd made, and it was quite


good." Many Christians believe this passage to be true but only in the context of happening

before the fall of Adam and Eve. The emergence of sin spots heavy a weight, specifically

Remorse and shame, upon human beings. It wasn't until Adam and Eve sinned that shame

would become a major controlling factor in peoples lives.

What effect does shame have on us? Many psychologists believe that shame is the

source of low self esteem, abuse, and illnesses like depression, paranoia, and sexual

addictions. Based on Pastor Ted Roberts "Shame is a feeling of profound degradation that

convinces me there is something fundamentally wrong with me ...and that's a killer. "


Hartman Fithian & Johnson, noted in their novel, Naturist Society, that many religious leaders


are responsible for associating shame, with nudity and sin. By way of example, the constant

reminder that premarital sex and masturbation are erroneous, and so sinful, entails that

these actions are black. Girls, as opposed to men, are more readily criticized for

Participating in sex before marriage and therefore more prone to feelings of shame. Nonetheless

does this mean that couples who choose to have a loving relationship without marriage are

deserving of shame? Perhaps in the eyes of the church the answer is yes. More importantly

though, the true answer lies within our own selves. To mention another example,

As Pope John Paul II once declared: