Symptoms Of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Up to now, the cause of IBS is not known. Studies are still being conducted to know the etiology and triggering factors. The treatment and medications of IBS are all geared for the managements of symptoms. There is no way to prevent the condition. It is more common in women than men. SYMPTOMS Now that we have an overview of what irritable bowel syndrome is, we will now tackle the most common symptoms it can bring. The most common symptom is abdominal pain and discomfort. This pain is usually relieved by a bowel movement. The length of time the pain may be felt varies from one person to another. You may also experience bloating and even swelling in the abdomen. At least 3 bowel movements per day or less than 3 times per week. Loose or hard stool. Stool may also have mucus. Other symptoms that may be seen include muscle pain, backache, loss of appetite, belching and headache. pop over to this web-site

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

FODMAP stands for fermentable, oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols. These are short-chained carbohydrates that are poorly absorbed in the small intestines causing discomfort and bloating. This occurs because FODMAPs are osmotically active; this means they pull water into the intestinal tract and as large amounts of FODMAPs are fermented in the gut, symptoms can develop in people sensitive to these effects, such as those with IBS. There are five categories of high FODMAP foods to include the following: Fructose: Fruits, honey, high fructose corn syrup Lactose: Dairy foods Galactans: Lentils, legumes Polyols: Sweeteners containing sorbitol, mannitol, xylitol, maltitol and stone fruits There has been some success in relieving symptoms of IBS in people that limit some of these foods. However, a low FODMAP diet can be difficult to follow low in fiber and limiting in some essential nutrients. Michigan State University Extension recommends you work with a registered dietitian in order to help customize a diet plan that works best for you. Most dietitians will recommend eliminating high FODMAP foods for four to six weeks, but you will usually see symptom improvement within one to two weeks. As you work with your registered dietitian, high FODMAP foods will be slowly reintroduced separately, in order to pinpoint offending foods. It is beneficial to keep a food diary during this reintroduction phase since it is common to have immediate symptoms with certain foods. Stanford University Medical Center provides a handout of Low FODMAP foods and tips on how to incorporate a low FODMAP diet into your lifestyle. MSU Extension programming promotes healthy lifestyles and educates Michigan residents, allowing each individual to acquire the skills to take control and manage his or her personal health, consume an affordable and nutritious diet, improve self, family and community relationships, reduce the spread of disease and to be a leader in the food industry. More information can be found at . This article was published by Michigan State University Extension . For more information, visit . their explanation

Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A low FODMAP diet for symptom relief

These include: Fiber supplements or mild laxatives such as Milk of Magnesia to relieve constipation Anti-motility medications such as loperamide (Imodium) or Kaopectate to reduce diarrhea But be sure to follow your doctor's advice when using over-the-counter medications because laxatives can be habit forming if used too often, and antidiarrhea medications can cause constipation. In addition, the following prescription medications are often used to treat IBS. Smooth muscle relaxants, including hyoscyamine (Levsin) and dicyclomine (Bentyl), may help relieve cramping. Tricyclic antidepressants such as amitriptyline (Elavil) imipramine (Tofranil) have been shown to relieve symptoms for people with severe pain and diarrhea. Lower doses are used than those typically given to treat depression. SSRI antidepressants (including Prozac, Zoloft, and Effexor) may help relieve symptoms in some people, although there have been few randomized clinical trials done to gauge their effectiveness. One medication was developed specifically to treat IBS: Alosetron hydrochloride (Lotronex), which has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for women with severe IBS who have not responded to conventional therapy and who have mostly diarrhea. This drug can have severe side effects, including constipation and decreased blood flow to the colon. Some deaths have been reported. Accordingly, patients must thoroughly discuss the benefits and risks with their physician before taking this medication. In fact, patients are required by the FDA to sign a Patient-Physician Agreement before they can receive a prescription for this medication. Stress relief Stress causes intestinal spasms in people with IBS, so reducing stress is a key part of treating the condition. Nerves in the colon control the intestine's contractions. Many nerves connect the colon to the brain, which helps explains why people get "butterflies" in their stomach when they're nervous or excited. In people with IBS, the colon can respond to even the slightest stressor. go to this website