More Children Are Being Hospitalized With Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

IBD refers to a group of inflammatory conditions of the colon and small intestine . IBD is often confused with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a troublesome but much less serious condition. The two major types of IBD are Crohns disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Crohns disease affects the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus, causing a wide variety of symptoms, which include abdominal pain, diarrhea, and vomiting. There are also a host of related complications outside the gastrointestinal tract such as skin rashes and arthritis. Crohns disease is caused by environmental, immunological, and bacterial factors in genetically susceptible individuals, resulting in a chronic inflammatory disorder. Ulcerative colitis is a disease of the colon (large intestine) that presents with characteristic ulcers (open sores). The main symptom of UC is constant hemorrhagic diarrhea, which requires treatment for remission with anti-inflammatory drugs and immunosuppression. The condition has no known cause, but it is presumed there is a genetic component to susceptibility. Colectomy a partial removal of the large bowel through surgery is necessary if the disease is severe and doesnt respond well to treatment or if significant complications develop. A total proctocolectomy removal of the entirety of the large bowel can be curative but has the potential for complications. Researchers from UH Rainbow Babies and Childrens Hospital found a dramatic increase in the number of hospitalizations for children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in the United States using data from 2000 to 2009 to substantiate their results. her latest blog

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