Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Foods such as whole grain breads and cereals, beans, fruits and vegetables are good sources of fiber. Some doctors may suggest using an over-the-counter fiber supplement. Use of fiber is most important for patients with predominantly constipation as their main complaint. Fiber may not be as useful for patients with predominantly bloating or diarrhea. Avoiding alcohol and caffeine are also important in controlling diarrhea in IBS. Recommended lifestyle changes consist of regular exercise, alleviating stress, getting a good night's sleep, reserving enough time to have a bowel movement and having a bowel movement when needed. For moderate to severe IBS, the doctor may recommend a pharmaceutical approach to ease the symptoms of IBS. Cramping and pain may be relieved by an antispasmodic medicine such as hyoscyamine (Anaspaz, Cystospaz, Levsin) or dicyclomine (Bemote, Bentyl, Di-Spaz). For diarrhea, the doctor may recommend loperamide (Imodium) or cholestyramine (Questran) and for constipation, osmotic laxatives such as lactulose (Chronulac, Kristalose) or sorbitol are helpful. A newer medication approved only for constipation-predominant IBS is tegaserod (Zelnorm). Its action involves stimulating the colon to contract to promote regular bowel movements and reduce bloating. For patients suffering from frequent and severe pain that impairs their daily functioning, a physician may prescribe an antidepressant such as amitriptyline or nortriptyline. These drugs work by increasing the release of neurotransmitters in the brain, thereby preventing the transmission of pain and reducing pain perception. Although doctors note that IBS is a disorder of colon motility and sensation, psychological and behavioral treatments represent important supplemental therapy for patients with IBS, regardless of the severity of the condition. Simple forms of relaxation or exercise (e.g., baths, golf, tennis, and rest periods) may reduce tension and enable the patient to feel more in control. read review

Medications to Treat Irritable Bowel Syndrome Symptoms

Photo Credit stomach image by Alison Bowden from Irritable bowel syndrome, commonly known as IBS, is an intestinal disorder that includes bouts of abdominal cramping, gas, constipation and diarrhea. IBS can be extremely uncomfortable and embarrassing but it is not fatal. Medications are used to treat the symptoms of IBS in conjunction with lifestyle changes. Medications for Diarrhea Nerve receptor antagonists relax the colon and slow waste movement through the lower bowel. This helps to reduce the occurrence of diarrhea. A nerve receptor antagonist must be prescribed by a gastroenterologist. At this time, nerve receptor antagonists are only used to treat women with IBS due to the side effects identified in male patients, states the Mayo Clinic. Alosetron (Lotronex) is a commonly prescribed nerve receptor antagonist. Your doctor may suggest that you take loperamide (Imodium) to treat diarrhea as well. Medication for Constipation A chloride channel activator is designed to increase the fluid in the intestines, preventing constipation associated with IBS. Lubiprostone (Amitiza) is a chloride channel activator that is approved to treat women age 18 and older who suffer from IBS-related constipation. According to the Mayo Clinic, Amitiza has not proven to effectively treat male patients with IBS. You Might Also Like visit us