First reported naturist society was established in 1897 in Grudzidz. In prewar and postwar Poland, n

In the early 1980s naturism became popular mainly as a result of increased interest in media. As the pop song "Chaupy Welcome To" (about the naturist beach in Chaupy, featuring plage nudity in the clip) became the 1985 summer hit in Poland, the nude beachfront locations like Chaupy or Rowy became known to an average Polish sunbather. Polish Naturist Society was formed and after the number of lawsuits, nudism became born in selected "unofficial" shores and distant areas.

In today's Poland nudism is practiced in number of the beachfront and inland shores. Most Polish shores are really clothing-optional rather than naturist. One of the most popular locations are Midzydroje Lubiewo, Grzybowo, Rowy, Dbki, Gdask Stogi and Piaski. The most popular inland places contain Warsaw (Wa Miedzeszyski), Kazimierz Dolny and Kryspinw near Krakw. In the winter season, naturism is practiced by organized groups in Warsaw and Tri-City. Public naturist occasions are held bimonthly in Pozna Koziegowy and d waterpark.[citation needed]


Main article: Naturism in Portugal

Naturism in Portugal had its first historical record around 1920, linked to the Portuguese Naturist Society, of which the anarchosyndicalist Jos Peralta was a prominent member. Nudity was already being practiced on Costa da Caparica shores. With the start of the New State authoritarian regime in the 1930s, the naturist movement was limited to vegetarian and alternative medications, since nudity was banned and related to the crime of "indecency". Only after the end of the Awesome State regime in 1974 (April, 25th) the activities linked to the practice of nudity were restarted.

The Federao Portuguesa de Naturismo (Portuguese Naturist Federation) or FPN was founded on the March 1st, 1977, at a meeting in Lisbon.[citation needed]

At the present, there are seven official naturist beaches in Portugal. Besides these, there are several dozens of beaches were the practice of nudism is common. In addition , there are several naturist campings and resorts.


Outside a dormitory at El Templo del Sol, 2012

Main article: List of societal nudity places in Europe

Public nudity on the beach isn't illegal in Spain. Topless sunbathing is potential on shores in front of smaller villages.[ needed]

United Kingdom

Main article: British Naturism

Duke's Mound, Brighton. The naturist section of the beach is protected by an artificial bank of shingle

At the World Naked Bike Ride in Brighton, 2014

In the United Kingdom, the first official naturist club was created in Wickford, Essex in 1924. According to Michael Farrar, writing for British Naturism the club adopted the name "Moonella Group" from the name of whoever owns the ground, Moonella, and called its site The Camp. Moonella, who was still living in 1965 but whose identity remains to be found, had inherited a house with land in 1923 and made it accessible to particular members of the New Gymnosophy Society. This society was founded a few years before by H.C. Booth, M.H. Sorensen and Rex Wellbye under the name of the English Gymnosophical Society. It met for conversations at the Minerva Cafe at 144 High Holborn in London, the headquarters of the Women's Freedom League. Those who were allowed to join the Moonella Group were carefully chosen, and the club was run by an "aristocracy" of the original members, all of whom had "club names" to maintain their anonymity. The club closed in 1926 because of building on abutting land.[49][50]

By 1943 there were a number of these so called "sun clubs" and together they formed the British Sun Bathers Association or BSBA. In 1954 a group of clubs unhappy with the manner the BSBA was being run split off to form the Federation of British Sun Clubs or FBSC. In 1961, the BSBA Annual Conference agreed that the term fkk was inappropriate and should be lost in favour of naturist.[49] The two organisations equaled each other before finally coming together again in 1964 as the Central Council for British Naturism or CCBN. This organisation structure has stayed much the same but it's now called British Naturism which is frequently abbreviated to BN.[49] BN is presently[when?] converting to a company limited by .

The first official nude beach was opened at Fairlight Glen in Covehurst Bay near Hastings in 1978 (not to be confused with Fairlight Cove, which is 2 kilometers to the east) followed afterwards by the seashores at Brighton and Fraisthorpe. Bridlington opened in April 1980.[49]

Naturism in North America