Alcohol Consumption Can Trigger Alterations In The Structure And Function Of The Developing Brain

alcoholism can cause changes in the architecture and function of the blossoming brain, which continues to grow into a person's mid 20s, and it might have consequences reaching far beyond teenage years.

In adolescence, brain development is characterized by dramatic changes to the brain's architecture, neural connections ("circuitry"), and physiology. These transformations in the brain alter everything from emerging sexuality to emotionality and cognitive ability.
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Not all portions of the adolescent brain mature simultaneously, which might put a juvenile at a disadvantage in certain situations. The limbic areas of the brain mature earlier than the frontal lobes. The limbic regions regulate emotions and are connected with a juvenile's decreased level of sensitivity to risk. The frontal lobes are responsible for self-control, judgment, reasoning, problem-solving, and impulse control. Variations in maturation among parts of the brain can result in impulsive choices or actions and a neglect for repercussions.

How Alcohol Alters the Brain
Alcohol alters a juvenile's brain development in numerous ways. The repercussions of juvenile alcohol consumption on specific brain activities are explained below.
Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant. Alcohol can seem to be a stimulant because, at the start, it suppresses the part of the brain that controls inhibitions.

CORTEX-- Alcohol hinders the cerebral cortex as it processes information from an individual's senses.

CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM-- When an individual thinks of something he desires his body to do, the central nervous system-- the brain and the spinal cord-- sends a signal to that part of the physical body. Alcohol slows down the central nervous system, making the individual think, speak, and move slower.

FRONTAL LOBES -- The human brain's frontal lobes are important for organizing, forming concepts, making decisions, and exercising self-discipline.

Once alcohol impairs the frontal lobes of the human brain, an individual may find it difficult to manage his/her emotions and urges. The individual may act without thinking or might even get violent. Consuming alcohol over a long period of time can injure the frontal lobes forever.

HIPPOCAMPUS-- The hippocampus is the part of the human brain in which memories are created.
When alcohol gets to the hippocampus, a person may have trouble recalling a thing he or she just learned, like a name or a phone number. alcoholism can happen after just a couple of drinks.
Drinking a lot of alcohol quickly can cause a blackout-- not having the ability to recollect entire events, like what he or she did the night before.
A person may find it difficult to learn and to hold on to information if alcohol damages the hippocampus.

CEREBELLUM-- The cerebellum is important for coordination, to form thoughts, and awareness. An individual might have trouble with these skills when alcohol gets in the cerebellum. After consuming alcoholic , an individual's hands may be so unsteady that they cannot touch or get hold of things properly, and they may fail to keep their balance and fall.

HYPOTHALAMUS-- The hypothalamus is a little part of the brain that does a remarkable variety of the body's housekeeping chores. Alcohol upsets the operation of the hypothalamus. After an individual drinks alcohol , blood pressure, hunger, thirst, and the need to urinate increase while body temperature and heart rate decline.

Alcohol in fact chills the physical body. Drinking a lot of alcohol outdoors in cold weather conditions can trigger an individual's body temperature level to drop below normal.

A person might have difficulty with these skills when alcohol goes into the cerebellum. After drinking alcohol, a person's hands may be so shaky that they cannot touch or take hold of things normally, and they might fail to keep their balance and fall.

After a person drinks alcohol , blood pressure, appetite, being thirsty, and the desire to urinate increase while body temperature levels and heart rate decrease.

Alcohol in fact chills the physical body. Consuming alcoholic of alcohol outdoors in cold weather can cause a person's physical body temperature to fall below normal.