1 In 5 Colon Cancer Cases Are Young Adults

Prevention, early detection is focus during Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month

Furthermore, diagnosis among younger patients is often delayed compared to their older counterparts due to the misunderstanding that colorectal cancer is rare among this group of patients. In most patients, by the time the condition is properly diagnosed, about 50 to 60 per cent already have advanced stage cancer (stage 3 or 4). Screening methods for colorectal cancer Faecal immunological stool test (FIT) or faecal occult blood test (FOBT), which can be done in the privacy and comfort of ones home, helps detect blood in stool that cannot be seen by the naked eye. The user simply collects stool samples for two consecutive days using a simple test kit and sends it back to a lab for processing. If the results are positive above a certain predetermined level, a colonoscopy is then needed to properly rule out colon cancer. However, when taking the FIT, care must be taken not to consume certain medications prior to the test as they may interfere with the results. Related article: TCM for cancer treatment, is it as safe as it claims to be? Colonoscopy In a colonoscopy, after prior bowel cleansing, a fibre-optic flexible tube is inserted up the rectum. Although generally not painful, this test can be uncomfortable; hence a mild sedative is usually given to relieve any discomfort. As these sedatives have a mild amnesic effect, a patient may even forget the specific details of the procedure. As a colonoscopy detects both pre-cancerous lesions (such as polyps) as well as cancerous ones, it remains the gold standard for colorectal cancer screening. Polyps can be immediately removed during the colonoscopy. Early detection is your best protection against colorectal cancer Citing the survival rates for different stages of colon cancer, Associate Professor Tang explains, In stage 1 of the disease, the cure rate is greater than 90 per cent. go to this site http://sg.news.yahoo.com/blogs/fit-to-post-health/1-5-colon-cancer-cases-young-adults-024111127.html

Sigmoidoscopy, which only examines the left side of the colon and may not be a complete test. Colonoscopy, which is the gold standard test and is an outpatient procedure covered by all insurance companies at no co-pay, according to the Affordable Care Act. These screenings are used for early detection of precancerous polyps, which can be removed to prevent cancer from developing. Prasad said screenings are conducted on people age 50 years old and older, as more than 90 percent of cases occur in that age group, according to CDC. Only certain groups are screened before 50 years old, Podila said, including patients with a family history of a first-degree relative (parent, sibling, children) developing colorectal cancer before the age of 50; African Americans, who are at a higher risk and are generally screened beginning at age 45; and any patients who have bleeding from the rectum. However, Podila said these preventative screenings are imperative. "If you wait for warning signs, it may be too late," he said. Warning signs include bleeding from the rectum, anaemia, abdominal pain and change in bowel movements, he added. Treatment for colorectal cancer depends on the stage of the cancer. In early stages - stage 1 and 2 - the main treatment is surgery. In its advanced stages, chemotherapy and radiation are required in addition to surgery, Podila said. According to the ACS, there are constantly new developments in the diagnosis and treatment of colorectal cancer. Tests are in the works that look at difference genes in colon cancer tumors to help predict which patients are at higher risk of the cancer spreading. browse around this website http://www.lcsun-news.com/ci_25271141/prevention-early-detection-is-focus-during-colorectal-cancer

Focus on colon cancer this month

Harry Moulis, M.D., specializes in gastroenterology with the Borland-Groover Clinic in Ormond Beach and Port Orange. To learn more about Dr. Moulis, visit vcms.org. Harry Moulis, M.D. News-JournalOnline.com February 28, 2014 4:07 PM Colon cancer is the second most common cause of cancer death in this country with both men and women at risk for developing the disease. Early colon cancer causes no symptoms so if you wait for symptoms to develop before having your colon examined, things may be far advanced. Colon cancer usually starts as a benign (non-cancerous) growth on the inside lining of the colon, which is called a polyp. There are two basic types of polyps: hyperplastic polyps, which carry no increased risk for colon cancer and adenomatous polyps, which are potentially pre-cancerous.Several different out-patient screening tests are available for colon cancer, but those in which the entire colon is evaluated are, by far, the best. Two such techniques (air-contrast barium enema and colonoscopy) have been around for many years and are covered by most, if not all, insurance companies. A newer technique (virtual colonoscopy, or CT colonography) is also good, but not covered by many insurance companies as a screening test. Just recently approved is a pill camera that can be swallowed, but its use is limited to the patient whose colon could not be examined fully by colonosopy. Colonoscopy is the gold-standard for evaluation of the colon. With a colonoscopy, an intravenous line is started and you are sedated for comfort. A long, flexible tube with a light is gently steered around the colon. If polyps are seen, they can usually be removed immediately, unless they are too large or in a location making them unsafe to remove in this manner. click to investigate http://www.news-journalonline.com/article/20140303/COLUMNS/140309955