Well,soon I am to be going inpatient for treatment of my anorexia.They follow the CBT model of treatment as that is the "Gold standard" of treatment of eating disorders.They also use DBT.
I have been trying to familiarize myself with the cognitive disortions ahead of my admission and thought I would share them here as well.
1.All or nothing thinking-You see things in black and white.If your performance falls short of perfect,you see yourself as a total failure.
2.Overgeneralization-You see a single negative event as a never-ending pattern of defeat.
3.Mental-Filter-You pick out a single negative detail and dwell on it exclusively,so that your vision of all reality becomes darkened,like the drop of ink that discolours the entire beaker of water.
4.Disqualifying the positive-You reject positive experiences by insisting that they "don't count" for some reason or other.In this way you can maintain a negative belief that is contradicted by your everyday experiences.
5.Jumping to conclusions-You make negative interpertations even though there are definite facts that convincingly support your conclusions.
a.Mind reading-You arbitrarily conclude that someone is reacting negatively to you,and don't bother to check this out.
b.The fortune teller error-You anticipate that things will turn out badly,and you feel convinced that your preditiction is an established fact.
6.Magnification (Catastrophizing) or Minimization-You exaggerate the importance of things (such as your goof-up or someone else's achievement),or you inapproprality shrink things until they appear tiny (your own desirable qualities or the other fellow's imperfections.) This is also called the "Binoclular trick."
7.Emotional Reasoning-You assume that your negative emotions necessarily reflect the way things really are:"I feel it,therefore it must be true."
8.Should Statements-You try to motivate yourself with should and shouldn'ts,as if you had to be whipped and punished before you could expect to do anything."Musts" and "oughts" are also offenders.The emotional consequence is guilt.When you direct should statements toward others,you feel anger,frustration,and resentment.
9.Labeling and Mislabeling-This is an extreme form of overgeneralization.Instead of describing your error,you attach a negative label to yourself:"I'm a loser." When someone else's behaviour rubs you the wrong way,you attach a negative label to him"He's a damn louse." Mislabeling involves describing an event with language that is highly coloured and emotionally loaded.
10.Personalization-You see yourself as the cause of some negative external event which in fact you were not primarily resonsible for.
*Based on information from "Feeling Good:The New Mood Therapy" by David D.Burns,M.D.which I found on the site "DBT Self Help".
Hope this was of some interest and of help...
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