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Infectious Diseases

Avian Flu

19 Members
H5N1 flu refers to the transmission and infection of H5N1. H5N1 flu is a concern due to the global spread of H5N1 that constitutes a pandemic threat. This article is about the transmission of the H5N1 virus, infection by that viru...

Chicken Pox

32 Members
  • Chickenpox, also spelled chicken pox, is the common name for Varicella simplex, classically one of the childhood infectious diseases caught and survived by most children...
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Colds & Flu

134 Members
  • Acute nasopharyngitis, often known as the common cold, is a mild viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory system (nose and throat). Symptoms include sneezing, sniffling, nasal congestion; scratchy, sore, o...

Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease

24 Members
Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) is a very rare and incurable degenerative neurological disorder (brain disease) that is ultimately fatal. It is the most common of the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs). The first ...

Dengue Fever

9 Members
  • Dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) are acute febrile diseases, found in the tropics, with a geographical spread similar to malaria. Caused by one of four closely related virus serotypes of the genus Flavivir...

Ebola

6 Members
  • Ebola is a virus of the Filoviridae family which causes Ebola hemorrhagic fever, a fatal disease in humans. The virus comes from the Filoviridae family, of which Marburg virus is also a member. The natural host...

Encephalitis

62 Members
Encephalitis is an acute inflammation of the brain, commonly caused by a viral infection. Sometimes, encephalitis can result from a bacterial infection, such as bacterial meningitis, or it may be a complication of other infectious...

Flesh-Eating Bacteria

32 Members
Necrotizing fasciitis or fasciitis necroticans, commonly known as "flesh-eating bacteria", is a rare infection of the deeper layers of skin and subcutaneous tissues (fascia). Many types of bacteria can cause necrotizing fasciitis ...

Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS)

26 Members
Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (or haemolytic-uraemic syndrome, abbreviated HUS) is a disease characterised by microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, acute renal failure and a low platelet count (thrombocytopenia). The classic childhood...

HIV

1936 Members
  • HIV (also known as human immunodeficiency virus, and formerly known as HTLV-III and lymphadenopathy-associated virus) is a retrovirus that primarily infects vital components of the human immune system such as CD4+ ...

Leprosy

3 Members
Leprosy, also known as Hansen's disease, is an infectious disease caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium leprae which causes disfiguration of the body or skin. The bacterium is an aerobic, acid fast, rod-shaped (bacillus) myco...

Lyme Disease

1070 Members
  • Lyme disease or Lyme borreliosis is the most common vector-borne disease in the Northern Hemisphere. Named after the town of Lyme, Connecticut, it is now one of the fastest growing infectious diseases in the U....

Malaria

6 Members
Malaria is an infectious disease which causes about 350-500 million infections with humans and approximately 1.3-3 million deaths annually, mainly in the tropics. Malaria is caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Plasmodiu...

Meningitis

149 Members
  • Meningitis is inflammation of the membranes (meninges) covering the brain and the spinal cord. Although the most common causes are infection (bacterial, viral, fungal or parasitic), chemical agents and even tumor c...

Mononucleosis

202 Members
Infectious mononucleosis (also known in North America as mono, the kissing disease or Pfeiffer's disease, and more commonly known as glandular fever in other English-speaking countries) is a disease seen most commonly in adolescen...

Morgellons Disease

105 Members
  • Morgellons or Morgellons disease is a controversial name for an alleged polysymptomatic syndrome characterized by patients finding fibers on their skin, which they believe are related to other symptoms, includi...

MRSA

747 Members
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), asometimes referred to as a super staph infection, is a specific strain of the Staphylococcus aureus bacterium that has developed antibiotic resistance to all penicillins, includ...

Mumps

1 Member
  • Mumps or epidemic parotitis is a viral disease of humans. Prior to the development of vaccination and the introduction of a vaccine, it was a common childhood disease worldwide, and is still a significant threa...

Oral Herpes

117 Members
  • The herpes simplex virus (HSV) (also known as Cold Sore, Night Fever, or Fever Blister) is a virus that manifests itself in two common viral infections, each marked by painful, watery blisters in the skin or mucous...

Pneumonia

93 Members
  • Pneumonia is an illness of the lungs and respiratory system in which the alveoli (microscopic air-filled sacs of the lung responsible for absorbing oxygen from the atmosphere) become inflamed and flooded with fluid...

Polio

32 Members
Poliomyelitis, often called polio or infantile paralysis, is a viral paralytic disease. The causative agent, a virus called poliovirus (PV), enters the body orally, infecting the intestinal wall. It may proceed to the blood stream...

Rabies

9 Members
  • Rabies (from a Latin word meaning rage) is a viral disease that causes acute encephalitis in animals and people. It can affect most species of warm-blooded animals, but is rare among herbivores. In unvaccinated hum...

Respiratory Syncytial Virus

9 Members
Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes respiratory tract infections in patients of all ages. It is the major cause of lower respiratory tract infection during infancy and childhood. In temperate climates there is an annual...

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

21 Members
Rocky Mountain spotted fever is the most severe and most frequently reported rickettsial illness in the United States, and has been diagnosed throughout the Americas. Some synonyms for Rocky Mountain spotted fever in other countri...

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)

4 Members
  • Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) was an atypical pneumonia that first appeared in November 2002 in Guangdong Province, in the city of Foshan, of the People's Republic of China. The disease was known to ...

Shingles

932 Members
  • Herpes zoster, colloquially known as shingles, is the reactivation of varicella zoster virus, leading to a crop of painful blisters over the area of a dermatome. It occurs very rarely in children and adults, bu...

Smallpox

6 Members
  • Smallpox (also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera) was a highly contagious viral disease unique to humans. It is caused by two virus variants called Variola major and Variola minor. V. major is th...

Toxic Shock Syndrome

11 Members
Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a rare but potentially fatal disease caused by a bacterial toxin. Different bacterial toxins may cause toxic shock syndrome, depending on the situation. The causative agent is Staphylococcus aureus. A...

Tuberculosis (TB)

77 Members
  • Tuberculosis (commonly abbreviated to TB) is an infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which most commonly affects the lungs (pulmonary TB) but can also affect the central nervous system ...
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