Advertisement




More DailyStrength
Health Event Calendar
See what's new on the site
Step-by-step Tutorials
How to use DailyStrength
We're on Facebook
Check out our page
Follow us on Twitter
Read our tweets
Get Cool DS Stuff!!!!!
Shirts, Hats, Baby Wear

Diabetes Type 1 Information

  • Type 1 diabetes (formerly known as "childhood" or "juvenile" diabetes or "insulin dependent" diabetes) is most commonly diagnosed in children and adolescents. The adult incidence of Type 1 is the same as for children, leading to the name change from juvenile diabetes. Many adults diagnosed with Type 1 are misdiagnosed as Type 2 diabetics, leading to the misconception of Type 1 as a disease of children...
  • The most important forms of diabetes are due to decreases in or the complete absence of the production of insulin (type 1 diabetes), or decreased sensitivity of body tissues to insulin (type 2 diabetes). The most valid laboratory test to distinguish Type 1 from Type 2 diabetes is the C-peptide test, which detects the amount of insulin being produced in the body. Lack of insulin resistance, determined by a glucose tolerance test, would also be suggestive of Type 1.

    Type I diabetes is an autoimmune disorder, in which the body's own immune system attacks the beta cells in the Islets of Langerhans of the pancreas, destroying them or damaging them sufficiently to reduce or eliminate insulin production. The autoimmune attack may be triggered by reaction to an infection, for example by one of the viruses of the Coxsackie virus family.

    Some researchers believe that the autoimmune response is influenced by antibodies against cow's milk proteins. A large restrospective case controlled study published in 2006 found that infants who were never breast fed had twice the risk for developing Type 1 diabetes as infants who were breast fed for at least 3 months. The mechanism, if any, is not understood. [2] Research has not been able to establish a connection between autoantibodies, antibodies to cow's milk proteins, and Type 1 diabetes.

    A subtype of type 1 (identifiable by the presence of antibodies against beta cells) develops slowly and so is often confused with Type 2. In addition, a small proportion of type 1 cases have the hereditary condition maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY) which can also be confused with Type 1.

    Vitamin D in doses of 2000 IU per day given during the first year of child's life has been connected in one study in Northern Finland (where the intrinsic production of Vitamin D is low) with a reduction in the risk of getting type I diabetes later in life (by 80%). Vitamin D3 may be an important pathogenic factor in type 1 diabetes independent of geographical latitude.

    Some chemicals and drugs specifically target the pancreas. Vacor (N-3-pyridylmethyl-N'-p-nitrophenyl urea), a rodenticide introduced in the United States in 1975, selectively destroys panacreatic beta cells, resulting in Type 1 diabetes after accidental or intentional ingestion. Vacor was withdrawn from the U.S. market in 1979. Zanosar is the trade name for streptozotocin, an antibiotic and antineoplastic agent used in chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer, that kills beta cells, resulting in loss of insulin production.

    Other pancreatic problems including trauma, pancreatitis or tumors (either malignant or benign) can also lead to loss of insulin production.

  • Click to expand

View Top Diabetes Type 1 Answers at sharecare.com

Health Blogs

On Sharecare we’re dishing out the secrets to a long-lasting relationship, sharing delicious recipes from the American Diabetes Association and giving you easy tips to take care of those pearly whites.  
  1. A diet for diabetes doesn’t have to be bland. In honor of American Diabetes Month, try these ... Read More »
Sharecare Top 5: Spot Diabetes Early, Separate Myth from Fact about the Flu, Avoid an Upset Stomach On Sharecare we’re giving you key ways to spot diabetes early, must-know info on flu shots, and belly-friendly tips on which foods cause bloating and discomfort.
1. Like so many other health problems, diabetes is best treated ... Read More »
Physical exercise is like a natural wonder drug for your brain and body. It gets your heart to pump life-giving blood into your brain, supplying more oxygen, glucose and nutrients that your brain needs to function at its best. The benefits of exercise are tremendous:
- it encourages the growth of new brain cells - it enhances ... Read More »

Member Photos

Advertisement
Community Advisors

Latest Activity